This post will focus on how to get started with AutoSPInstaller. Along the way, I’ll write some tips that I’ve learned and hope to give readers some more details on how to most effectively use AutoSPInstaller. Tobias Lekman (@tobiaslekman) also has a step-by-step guide on his blog here.
AutoSPInstaller is a CodePlex project started by Brian Lalancette (@brianlala). The aim of the project is to provide a set of unified scripts to install SharePoint by following best practices. You can find more on the project by visiting http://autospinstaller.codeplex.com/
- You have at least one SQL Server (or cluster) up and running that will be used for the SharePoint databases.
- You have a Windows Server 2008 R2 server up and running. The server is joined to your domain, has network connectivity and the firewall is turned off. No pre-requisites, server roles, or features are installed yet.
- You have access to a file share (could be a local drive) where we’ll stage the software.
- You have (at least) SharePoint 2010 Foundation. In this example, I’m going to use Enterprise edition and additional software such as Office Web Apps. These are not required though.
- I’m going to install SharePoint using AutoSPInstaller and my locale is en-US (United States).
- My SQL Server name is SQL2008R2 and I have a default instance installed (MSSQLSERVER).
- My SharePoint server is called SHARECLOUD and I have set the PowerShell policy to Unrestricted (Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted).
- My install account is svc.spsetup; always use a common install account. This account is a local administrator on my SharePoint server(s).
- My file share is mapped to the Z: drive, svc.spsetup (my install account) has Full Control.
Preparing the file share
The first step is to prepare the file share.
Step 1. Extract AutoSPInstaller:
I’m going to start with AutoSPInstaller. Download a copy from http://autospinstaller.codeplex.com and extract the files to your file share.
Step 2. Copy SharePoint bits:
Once extracted, AutoSPInstaller gives you the proper folder structure. You have to stick to this because the scripts use relatives paths (for example: ../../xyz.exe) in many places.
So now, I’m going to take a copy of my SharePoint DVD or extract the contents of my SharePoint ISO to the SP2010SharePoint folder, as shown here:
Tip: If you have an ISO, consider using 7-zip to extract its contents.
Step3: Tweak Windows settings (optional)
I do this to prevent pop-ups regarding untrusted locations. Without this, your install can’t really be unattended because you’ll have to click Continue (or Cancel) when the warning for Open File Security shows up. This happens when you copy files from the internet (as we’re doing with the AutoSPInstaller scripts) or from file shares, even a DVD (as with the SharePoint bits).
- First, make sure you are logged in as the setup account. This is a user-based setting. Click Start –> Run –> gpedit.msc –> Press Enter or OK
- Browse to User Configuration –> Administrative Templates –> Windows Components –> Attachment Manager –> Inclusion list for low file types.
- Add .exe;.ps1;.bat to the list, as shown.
Step 4. Copy SharePoint Prerequisites:
Since I may be installing a large farm, I don’t want to keep downloading the prerequisites each time. I want to keep a copy of the files and use the offline installation method (faster).
I’m going to go back to http://autospinstaller.codeplex.com and click on the Downloads tab. On the right-hand side, under "Other Downloads" there’s a script to download all the prerequisites. Download and save that somewhere. I choose to put it in the SP2010SharePoint folder.
Now run the PowerShell script. It will ask for a folder, I’ve specified current folder in my screenshot. The script will use the existing PrerequisiteInstallerFiles folder or create one if there isn’t any in the folder you specify. This is how it looks while its running.
When its done, you’ll see all the files downloaded to the folder you specified. They should be in the SP2010SharePointPrerequisiteInstallerFiles folder.
Step 5: Slipstream Updates
Your media may already have SharePoint 2010 Service Pack 1, mine doesn’t so I’m going to slipstream it. I’ll also slipstream the latest cumulative update (CU) that I’ve tested. Find out more information on SharePoint 2010 at the Update Resource Center.
First, I need to download the update for SharePoint Server 2010 (link). I’ll save this to my desktop (or a temp folder). Next, I’m going to grab the CU, which should be optional and is intended to fix an issue you’re experiencing. However, this statement posted on the KB for Service Pack 1 encourages installing a CU:
"After you install SharePoint Foundation 2010 SP1 or SharePoint Server 2010 SP1, you must also install the corresponding June 2011 Cumulative Update refresh package."
As of this writing, the latest is the October 2011 CU. However, this contains regressions that I don’t want to deal with. For a list of known regressions, Todd Klindt (@toddklindt) has been keeping track on his blog: http://www.toddklindt.com/blog/Regressions/Home.aspx
I’m going to go with the August 2011 CU. This also means that I don’t need two packages (one for SharePoint Foundation and one of SharePoint Server). Prior cumulative updates required both packages. So, the August CU is available here, lets download that to the desktop as well.
In a command prompt, I’m going to type in the following:
If you’d like a walk through, Todd Klindt comes to the rescue again. View his blog post here: http://www.toddklindt.com/blog/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?ID=295
Download Adobe PDF iFilter (optional) I want to be able to search and index PDF files so I’ll need the Adobe PDF iFilter. AutoSPInstaller can set this up for me. I just need to do a couple things to prepare. First download the iFilter zip from here and place it in the SP2010PDF folder. Second, download the PDF icon from here and place it in the same folder. Rename it to icpdf.gif
UPDATE: Brian informed me that the PDF function in AutoSPInstaller will do all of this for you. So, if you want the PDF stuff, just enable it in the configuration. There are no preparatory steps needed.
Step 7: Extract Office Web Apps (optional)
If you’d like to install Office Web Apps, download and extract the installation to the SP2010OfficeWebApps folder. Office Web Apps is generally available to enterprise customers, you can’t just go online somewhere and download it, so if you’re interested talk to your Microsoft licensing representative.
Here, I’ve downloaded the Office Web Apps installer to my desktop and am extracting it to the SP2010OfficeWebApps folder.
Since I’m installing Service Pack 1 for SharePoint, I need SP1 for Office Web Apps too. I downloaded it from this site, and extract it to the “Updates” folder under SP2010OfficeWebApps.
Step 8: Extract Forefront Protection 2010 for SharePoint (optional)
Similar to Office Web Apps, you may not have this or may chose not to use it. SharePoint can use anti-malware software from several vendors. In this case, I’ve downloaded Forefront Protection 2010 for SharePoint to my desktop and am extracting it to the SP2010ForeFront folder. It’s an ISO in my case, so I’m using 7-zip to extract it. That gives me the setup file. I still need to extract that so, in the command line I type in:
Step 9: Slipstream Language Packs (optional)
I saved this for last because it can be complex and there are a couple ways to do this. However, I’m going to show you my preference. I like this method because it ensures that Service Pack 1 for my language packs also get installed properly.
For my example, I’m going to use French and Spanish language packs. To make things easier, I’m going to use another CodePlex project. The SharePoint 2010 Language Pack Downloader here. I simply select my languages and the folder.
- I’ll download the original language packs for each language I want and then download the service pack for each of those.
- Next, I need to extract them to a subfolder that I’ll create. The subfolder will be named for the "Culture Short Code" of the language. For a list of culture short codes see this MSDN article.
For example: SpanishLanguagePack.exe /extract:Z:SP2010Language Packses-es
- Finally, I need to extract the service pack for each language into the "Updates" folder for that language pack.
Here’s how my four commands look:
For now, we’ve accomplished our goal of preparing our file share. From here, we have everything ready to install a single server or 10 servers, in the same farm or multiple farms. Our SP2010 folder is now over 4 GB.
In the next post in the series, we’ll continue by configuring several files that will help automate our SharePoint deployment.
And as a note, although I don’t mind answering questions or responding to comments on my blog, if you have specific questions related to AutoSPInstaller, its best to use the discussion boards there: http://autospinstaller.codeplex.com/discussions
I do respond there and so do others, so your chances of getting an answer, more quickly are greater.