Which services are required for SharePoint 2010 Web Server Role?

SharePoint

Recently, I setup SharePoint 2010 RTM in a test lab and wanted to only setup or enable the minimum services for the Web Server role. I scoured the inter-web for the information and came up empty handed… almost. Finally, after giving up and searching for something totally different, I came across a Microsoft Download site for Topologies for SharePoint Server 2010. This is a PDF/XPS/VSD depicting physical servers, service application recommendations and suggested farm topologies for small, medium, and large farms. I would have never guessed it would have the information I needed but there it was, on the bottom right. I wanted to re-post it here for others to find easily, so here it is:

 

Service

Associated with a service app?

Server recommendation

Access Database Services Yes Application Server
Application Registry Service No Application Server
Business Data Connectivity Yes Application Server
Central Administration No Application Server
Document Conversions Launcher Service No Application Server
Document Conversions Load Balancer Service No Application Server
Excel Calculation Services Yes Application Server
Lotus Notes Connector Yes– Search Application Server – Start this service on the index server.
Managed Metadata Web Service Yes Application Server
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail No Web Server or Application Server
Microsoft Foundation Subscription Settings Service Yes – Deployed only using PowerShell Web Server or Application Server (pref)
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation User Code Service No Web Server or Application Server
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application No Web Server
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service No Web Server
PerformancePoint Service Yes Application Server
Search Query and Site Settings Service Yes– Search Application Server
Secure Store Service Yes Application Server
SharePoint Foundation Search No Any
SharePoint Server Search Yes – Search Automatically Config’d
User Profile Service Yes Application Server
User Profile Synchronization Service Yes Application Server
Visio Graphics Service Yes Application Server
Web Analytics Data Processing Service Yes Application Server
Web Analytics Web Service Yes Application Server
Word Automation Services Yes Application Server

Check out the download for more information and notes not included here.

The answer for me was that I needed

  • Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
  • Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service

To configure these services: From Central Administration, navigate to Manage services on server under the System Settings heading.

sp_manageservices

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